Anatomy Of Personality | Sigmund Freud
Let’s take a look at Sigmund Freud’s anatomical approach to personality. He altered his conceptual model of mental existence, which I mentioned in my previous post, those levels of the human mind, in the early 1920s. After some revisions, he added the Id Ego and Super Ego as three basic structures in the anatomy of personality.
In this section, we’ll examine these in greater detail.
Id, the component of the personality contains the innate, biological desires that supply the psyche with its basic energy or libido, according to psychoanalytic theory.
The id, according to Sigmund Freud, is the most primordial component of the psyche, lying in the unconscious’s deepest level; it has no inner organization and acts according to the pleasure principle. Thus, until the ego begins to grow and work in accordance with reality, the infant’s life is controlled by the urge for immediate gratification of instincts such as hunger and sex.
As a result, the topic of what is the pleasure principle has arisen.
Sigmund Freud believes that humans are driven by a desire for gratification, or pleasure, as well as the release of tension that builds up as pain or “unpleasure” when gratification is not forthcoming. The pleasure principle, according to Sigmund Freud’s classical psychoanalytic theory, is the mental force that drives people to seek immediate fulfilment of innate, or libidinal, impulses including sex, hunger, thirst, and elimination. It controls the id and is most active during childhood. It is later countered by the ego’s reality principle in adulthood. The pleasure–pain principle is another name for it.
So, from the beginning of our lives, we have all had the Id component. That such drives exist in children is extremely astounding, and I believe that the transition from instant gratification to Ego is quite difficult for children who are approaching adulthood.
Ego, according to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that deals with the outside world and its practical demands. The ego, in particular, enables an individual to perceive, reason, solve problems, test reality, and modify one’s impulses to meet the needs of the superego.
To put it simply, the ego is the component of personality that maintains the balance between the Id and the superego. Now, we must first understand the superego before we can fully comprehend these components.
Super-Ego, the moral component of the psyche that symbolises parental and societal values and determines personal standards of good and evil, or conscience, as well as ambitions and aspirations, according to psychoanalytic theory. The ego, which controls personal impulses and guides acts in the standard Freudian tripartite structure of the psyche, operates by the laws and principles of the superego, which come from parental demands and prohibitions. The creation of the superego happens on an unconscious level, commencing in the first five years of life and continuing throughout infancy, adolescence, and adulthood, primarily through identification with parents and, subsequently, admired patterns of behaviour.
After elaborating on each of Sigmund Freud’s personality components, now we can demonstrate it. To put it simply, Ego exists between Id and Super-ego; Super-ego is the good cop, whereas Id is the bad cop, and Ego is the balance between the two. Let’s say you go to a store and see a beautiful dress but the price is too high but no one is looking at you. Here you have an intra-psychic conflict because your Id is saying (I want the dress and I want it right now) but your superego is saying (Stealing is bad) so the ego steps in and tries to resolve the matter and it says (I have to be realistic I cannot afford the dress right now, I shall buy it later).
I hope this clarifies your understanding.